Accelerating Viscoelastic Calculations

Read more about how Brendan Meade's group used machine learning and the Odyssey cluster
to accelerate large-scale viscoelastic calculations using neural net concepts at Harvard Magazine.
Earthquakes Around the World - Harvard Magazine

For a deeper dive, you'll find their paper describing the work at https://arxiv.org/abs/1701.08884

ABSTRACT: "One of the most significant challenges involved in efforts to understand the effects of repeated earthquake cycle activity is the computational costs of large-scale viscoelastic earthquake cycle models. Computationally intensive viscoelastic codes must be evaluated at thousands of times and locations, and as a result, studies tend to adopt a few fixed rheological structures and model geometries and examine the predicted time-dependent deformation over short (<10 years) time periods at a given depth after a large earthquake. Training a deep neural network to learn a computationally efficient representation of viscoelastic solutions, at any time, location, and for a large range of rheological structures, allows these calculations to be done quickly and reliably, with high spatial and temporal resolutions. We demonstrate that this machine learning approach accelerates viscoelastic calculations by more than 50,000%. This magnitude of acceleration will enable the modeling of geometrically complex faults over thousands of earthquake cycles across wider ranges of model parameters and at larger spatial and temporal scales than have been previously possible."

Enabling large-scale viscoelastic calculations via neural network acceleration
Geophysical Research Letters (DOI: 10.1002/2017GL072716)